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357 Sig vs 9mm: Differences Between The Two Calibers preview image
Jul 31 2023
8 min read

357 Sig vs 9mm: Differences Between The Two Calibers


As a long-time gun owner, I’ve heard people argue about pretty much every caliber you could imagine. One matchup that’s been brought up is the 357 Sig vs. 9mm comparison.

These two calibers are well-loved by their respective fan bases, but when it comes down to it, there is one clearly better than the other.

We’re going to dig into all of the key differences between 357 Sig and 9mm cartridges. We’ll cover their pros and cons, look at what each is best used for, and see if, in the end, we can’t just figure out if one is better than the other.

There’s a lot to cover, so let’s hit the range.

Overview of 357 Sig

357 sig

357 Sig Ammo For Sale

Federal Premium Personal Defense HST 357 Sig 125 Grain

A Closer Look at the 357 Sig Cartridge

The 357 Sig cartridge is just youngin’ when compared to the 9mm and many other rounds. It was developed in 1994 as an industrial collaboration between Swiss firearm manufacturer Sig Sauer and ammunition manufacturer Federal Cartridge.

The 357 Sig round was designed to be a more potent alternative to the 9mm, offering increased muzzle velocity and kinetic energy. The resulting enhanced terminal ballistics make it a favorite among a subset of law enforcement and self-defense shooters.

Overview of 9mm

9mm ammo

9mm Ammo For Sale


The Ubiquitous 9mm Luger Cartridge

The 9mm Luger, also known as the 9×19 Parabellum, was developed in 1901 and in the decades since, has become one of the most popular pistol cartridges in the world.

The 9mm offers a relatively balanced ratio of power, magazine capacity, and manageable recoil. These are just some of the reasons that the 9mm has become one of the top choices for law enforcement, military, and civilian shooters alike.

Specification Chart for 357 Sig and 9mm

Specifications357 Sig9mm
Bullet Diameter0.355 in (9.0 mm)0.355 in (9.0 mm)
Case Length0.865 in (22 mm)0.754 in (19.15 mm)
Muzzle Velocity1,350-1,450 fps950-1,300 fps
Muzzle Energy500-600 ft-lbs340-450 ft-lbs
Effective Range50-100 yards50-100 yards

Key Differences Between 357 Sig and 9mm

Muzzle Velocity and Energy

One of, if not the biggest single difference between the 357 Sig and the 9mm, is the muzzle velocity and corresponding energy that the cartridge has.

The 357 Sig has a much higher muzzle velocity and energy, giving it far better terminal ballistics performance and stopping power. With some velocities upwards of 1,400 fps, the 357 Sig comes with some serious energy to transfer into targets, making it a law enforcement and military favorite.

Recoil and Shootability

The 9mm offers a much milder recoil than the 357 Sig, which can make it a way more appealing and manageable option for younger or physically weaker shooters, even shooters with physical limitations.

The result is a more well-controlled firearm, leading to quicker follow-up shots and enhanced accuracy. For new shooters, or those looking to grow and develop their skills, the 9mm is a solid platform for building that firearm confidence without causing potentially detrimental habits like recoil flinching.

This is one area where the 9mm is more versatile and accessible to a wider range of shooters.

Ammunition Availability and Cost

9mm ammunition is more widespread, readily available, and in general, more affordable than 357 Sig.

This is because of the sheer popularity and global prevalence of the 9mm round; manufacturers have created so many varieties and types of 9mm ammo that you can get it anywhere for much less than many other calibers.

The limited market presence of the 357 Sig platform means fewer people buying it, leading to fewer manufacturers making it.

Magazine Capacity

In general, since the 9mm rounds are slightly smaller than the 357 Sig, firearms chambered in 9mm tend to have a greater magazine capacity. This can be a considerable advantage for those looking for a self-defense firearm, or for those in competitive shooting sports, since, in both of these scenarios, having more rounds can be a factor in who prevails.

High-capacity 9mm pistols are common, making them a very popular choice for civilian and law enforcement use.

Barrier Penetration

One of the things the 357 Sig is known for is its ability to penetrate barriers. The higher velocity and energy give the 357 Sig greater penetration through materials like glass, sheet metal, and plywood.

This can be an important consideration for anyone looking to use 357 Sig since law enforcement may find penetration desirable, while civilians may want to avoid it to prevent collateral damage.

Gun Selection

Since the 9mm is one of the most popular calibers for handguns across the globe, there is naturally a wider range of firearms available that are chambered for that round.

This means choosing 9mm gives the shooter a greater range of choice in terms of the size, features, and even price points for their 9mm pistol.

In contrast, the selection of firearms chambered in 357 Sig is relatively limited, which leads to greater challenges in finding the perfect firearm for your needs.

Performance in Short-Barreled Firearms

For shooters considering a short-barreled firearm, how each round performs can be an important factor. The 9mm cartridge is able to maintain performance in short-barreled firearms that is more or less consistent with its use in conventional pistols and carbines.

The 357 Sig, however, suffers a relatively significant performance loss when used in short-barreled firearms. This means when 357 Sig is combined with a short-barreled firearm, it can lose much of the impact that its terminal ballistics would have had.

Adoption by Law Enforcement and Military

Another factor that is important to many shooters is how widely their caliber of choice has been used, endorsed, or favored by law enforcement and military agencies.

The 357 Sig has found some favor among US law enforcement due to the inherent stopping power and penetration abilities, but not on the scale of the 9mm.

The 9mm has been widely adopted by military and law enforcement worldwide due to the lower recoil, higher capacity, and reasonable performance.

357 sig 2

357 Sig Pros & Cons

  • Higher muzzle velocity and energy
  • Improved terminal ballistics
  • Excellent barrier penetration
  • Higher recoil
  • Limited ammunition availability
  • More expensive

9mm Pros & Cons

  • Milder recoil
  • Widespread ammunition availability
  • More affordable
  • Higher magazine capacity
  • Lower muzzle velocity and energy
  • Less barrier penetration
  • May require premium ammunition for optimal performance

Other Alternatives to Consider

If neither the 357 Sig nor the 9mm is a bull’s eye for you, there are a few other handgun calibers that you may want to look into as alternatives:

.40 S&W

PMC .40 Smith & Wesson

This round is a solid middle-ground between the 9mm and the 357 Sig. It offers more power than the 9mm, but less kick than the 357 Sig, in ammo that’s a little easier to find than the 357 Sig.

.45 ACP

45 ACP - 230 Grain FMJ - Winchester USA - 500 Rounds

The classic American defender caliber, the 45 ACP is known for its massive stopping power, which is the biggest reason it’s favored by many for self-defense and protection.

10mm Auto

SIG SAUER Elite Performance 10mm Auto

The 10mm auto is a high-powered alternative for those who are looking for intense energy and velocity. This is a prime caliber for hunting.


Why is 357 Sig not popular?

357 Sig has gained limited popularity because of its higher recoil, higher cost, and comparatively limited availability when put in the context of other options like the 9mm.

Is 357 Sig good for self-defense?

Yes. The 357 Sig can be a great option for self-defense. It has a high muzzle velocity and energy, and the terminal ballistics are impressive.

What is the benefit of 357 Sig?

The biggest benefits of the 357 Sig are the higher muzzle velocity and energy, which result in better terminal ballistics and stopping power. It also has some barrier penetration abilities.


Even with all the information here, it’s still hard to determine any one caliber as being ahead of the other in any general sense. The biggest factor in which one is best is going to be which one you believe is best for your needs and wants. Your preferences and potential users are going to weigh heavily on this debate.

The 357 Sig offers greater muzzle velocity and energy than the 9mm, which gives it more stopping power. Ultimately, however, that greater energy comes with greater recoil and more limited ammo availability. Depending on how you plan to shoot, you may already be leaning one way or the other.

In the end, it’s going to come down to the sum of your considerations for your shooting needs. Whichever you choose, remember that practice, training, and firearm proficiency are key components of effective and safe shooting.

Brady Kirkpatrick photo Brady Kirkpatrick is the founder of, the #1 online gun search engine. Recognizing the challenges of finding the right firearm at the right price, Brady built a platform to simplify the process, comparing prices across hundreds of online dealers and providing valuable content from trustworthy bloggers. His commitment to user-centricity and innovation has shaped into a comprehensive resource for gun enthusiasts. In addition to Gun Made, Brady has also lent his firearm expertise to an array of renowned publications, such as The Truth About Guns, CrossBreed Holsters, Cheaper than Dirt, 19FortyFive, We Are The Mighty, and many others.


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