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Gun Ownership Statistics: Americans and Firearms Facts preview image
Oct 17 2023
8 min read

Gun Ownership Statistics: Americans and Firearms Facts


Gun control is a contentious issue in the United States, with advocates of gun rights firmly committing to the Second Amendment and those who insist that more rigid regulations are required to protect people from firearms.

It is crucial to understand American attitudes toward guns because guns are a pervasive part of American culture and society. In America, there are more guns than people, with an estimated 434 million guns in circulation as of 2020.

Understanding the prevalence of guns, how society views guns, and gun violence is essential for policymakers, researchers, and the general public alike to better address this complex and divisive issue.

It must, however, be approached in an unbiased and informed manner. This article will take an in-depth look at gun ownership in America, with a focus on understanding the various implications of this contentious issue.

The Prevalence of Guns in America

The Pew Research Center’s data reports that a vast 43% of Americans possess at least one gun, equating to around 6 million people who own more than 10 firearms. Moreover, the South and Midwest region has notably higher rates of possession when compared to other parts of the country.

gun ownership rates by household

CAPTION: Percentage of households in the United States owning one or more firearms from 1972 to 2022. Source: Statista

When compared to other developed nations, the U.S. has an inordinately high rate of gun ownership. Despite only accounting for a measly 5% of the world’s population, approximately half of all civilian-owned firearms are found in America.

Furthering this inequality on a demographic level, men are more likely to be firearm owners than women, and white Americans tend to own guns at higher levels than their Black or Hispanic counterparts. Moreover, Republicans have been shown to keep firearms with greater frequency when compared to Democrats.

Attitudes Toward Guns

For centuries, the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution has provided our citizens with their inherent right to bear arms for both self-defense and hunting purposes. During earlier times in America’s history, firearms were necessary tools of protection.

However, as technology advanced, guns became more lethal, and their purposes expanded to include recreational shooting, sport shooting, and collection.

Attitudes toward guns are often split along political lines. Republicans and Democrats are strongly divided on the issue of guns, with those from the former party believing in fewer restrictions while those from the latter favor more stringent gun laws.

As a central part of American culture, owning firearms has become attached to values focused on independence, self-reliance, and loyalty.

primary reason for owning a gun

Numerous citizens support the notion that having a gun will make them safer. According to research conducted by Pew Research Center in 2020, 64% of firearm owners said they felt safer due to their weapons.

It’s worth noting that responsible gun owners have a firm grasp of how firearms function and practice safety measures and regular training. This plays a huge role in the safe and responsible use of firearms, as well as in respect for the Second Amendment.

Gun Violence

Gun violence is a major public health issue in America. In 2020, there were over 19,000 deaths from gun violence, including homicides, suicides, and unintentional shootings. Additionally, there is an estimated 115,000 non-fatal gun accidents every year.

The horrific mass shootings in America have become distressingly frequent, leaving a deep scar on individuals and their communities. This has certainly generated an intense dialogue about gun control laws across the country, with certain regions far more affected than others—particularly urban areas compared to rural ones.

Loopholes within existing legislation can also contribute to these levels of violence seen throughout various states. It’s clear that something must be done to address this growing problem before it spirals any further out of control.

What the Data Says About Gun Deaths in the U.S.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report reveals that the number of firearm-related deaths in America has reached an unprecedented level, with 43,538 fatalities recorded in 2020. This alarming statistic encompasses all gun-associated mortality caused by homicides, suicides, and unintended shootings—a total that has continued to climb year after year since 2000.

Of the 48,138 suicides in 2021, 26,328 were by guns. As for homicides in 2021, the CDC reports that there were nearly 20,000 involving a firearm. The rate of firearm-related deaths was highest among young people aged 15 to 24 and among males of all ages.

In terms of firearm homicides, the rate has also been steadily increasing over the past few years. In 2019, there were 14,414 firearm homicides, an increase of nearly 25% since 2014. Additionally, firearm homicides disproportionately affect communities of color, with Black Americans being more than 10 times as likely to die from gun violence than white Americans.

Mass shootings have also become a significant issue in America. According to the Gun Violence Archive, there were 614 mass shootings in the United States in 2020, which they define as incidents in which four or more people are shot or killed.

These incidents have a profound impact on both individuals and communities and often spark debates about gun control.

The data on gun deaths in the United States highlights the need for better education about firearms. While there certainly need to be restrictions in place regarding who can and can’t purchase firearms, the Second Amendment protects the right to bear arms for those who understand and respect guns.

The Debate Over Gun Control

The United States has a complex and fragmented system of gun control laws. Federal law regulates the sale, transfer, and possession of firearms, but states also have their own laws, which can vary widely.

The debate over gun control centers around the question of whether stricter gun control laws would reduce gun violence or infringe on Second Amendment rights.

Supporters of gun control argue that it would reduce gun violence and make communities safer, while opponents argue that it would not prevent criminals from obtaining guns and would infringe on the rights of law-abiding citizens.

The Second Amendment guarantees the right to bear arms, but its interpretation has been the subject of much debate. Some argue that it only protects the right to own guns for specific purposes, such as self-defense, while others argue that it protects an individual’s right to own any type of gun.

There are many potential policy solutions to reduce gun violence, including universal background checks, bans on assault weapons, and red flag laws. However, implementing these policies can be challenging due to the political divide and the influence of interest groups such as the National Rifle Association.

Gun Culture in America

Many Americans own guns for sporting and recreational purposes, such as hunting and sport shooting. These activities are an important part of American culture and heritage.

Gun rights advocacy groups, such as the National Rifle Association, have played a significant role in shaping American attitudes toward guns and gun control. These groups argue that the Second Amendment guarantees an individual’s right to own guns and that gun control laws are ineffective and unconstitutional.

Interestingly, there is a lot of evidence that backs up these claims, as they’re not made to dismiss the very real presence of gun violence. Rather, they’re made to support protecting Americans’ rights to protect themselves.

It’s worth noting that some gun owners belong to militias or paramilitary groups, which often have extremist ideologies and use guns as part of their activities. These groups have been a source of controversy and concern. It’s generally accepted, however, that such groups do not represent responsible gun owners who just want to protect themselves and their families.

The Future of Guns in America

Gun ownership has been relatively stable in recent years, but there are some indications that it may be declining among younger generations. Additionally, there has been an increase in the number of women and people of color who own guns.

The future of gun control policy is uncertain, but there are likely to be ongoing debates and potential policy changes at the federal and state levels.

The future of guns in America will likely depend on a variety of factors, including changes in demographics, technology, and cultural attitudes toward guns.

How to Practice Gun Safety

Gun safety should never be taken lightly. Whether you’re a collector, hunter, or just looking to protect yourself and your family, it’s essential that you know the basics of gun safety—and practice them at all times.

Here are some tips to keep in mind when handling firearms:

  1. Always assume that every gun is loaded, no matter what. If you’re not sure if a gun is unloaded or not, check it thoroughly to make sure before handling or shooting it.
  2. Never point the barrel of your firearm at anything you don’t intend to shoot. This means keeping the muzzle pointed in a safe direction at all times.
  3. Make sure your finger is outside the trigger guard until you’re ready to fire. It’s easy to get complacent when handling guns, so it never hurts to double-check that your finger is off the trigger before shooting or transferring a gun to someone else.
  4. Always wear eye and ear protection when shooting. This will protect you from the loud noise and flying debris that comes with firing a gun.
  5. Store your firearms securely in a locked case or safe when not in use. This will ensure that no one can get access to your guns without your knowledge or permission.

Remember, gun safety is essential for everyone who handles firearms. Practice these tips every time you handle a gun, and make sure to teach your friends and family the same rules so that everyone can stay safe.


Does owning guns make you safer?

While there are those who feel uncomfortable around guns, the vast majority of gun owners feel safer knowing they have a viable form of protection. Those who are uncomfortable with the matter are typically misinformed.

What percentage of gun owners lock their guns?

It’s estimated that only 20% of gun owners actually lock their guns. Keeping your guns locked up is one of the most important safety measures you can take when owning a firearm, so it’s important that more people are doing this.

Is there a correlation between gun ownership and gun deaths?

Admittedly, it is difficult to find factual, unbiased data on this topic. It is true, however, that the amount of guns in circulation has increased, as has the number of gun-related deaths. This suggests there may be a correlation, but further research would be needed to determine this conclusively.


Guns are a prevalent and divisive issue in America, with high rates of gun ownership, strong cultural ties to guns, and significant levels of gun violence among certain groups. The debate over gun control is complex and often split along political lines.

Understanding American attitudes toward guns is crucial for understanding American society as a whole, including political polarization, identity politics, and public health issues.

There is a need for continued research and discussion on the topic of guns in America, including the factors that influence attitudes toward guns, the impact of gun violence on individuals and communities, and the potential policy solutions to reduce gun violence.

Brady Kirkpatrick photo Brady Kirkpatrick is the founder of GunMade.com, the #1 online gun search engine. Recognizing the challenges of finding the right firearm at the right price, Brady built a platform to simplify the process, comparing prices across hundreds of online dealers and providing valuable content from trustworthy bloggers. His commitment to user-centricity and innovation has shaped GunMade.com into a comprehensive resource for gun enthusiasts. In addition to Gun Made, Brady has also lent his firearm expertise to an array of renowned publications, such as The Truth About Guns, CrossBreed Holsters, Cheaper than Dirt, 19FortyFive, We Are The Mighty, and many others.


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